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Haikou Eco-Heritage Trail
LIVING AROUND LAVA
Lava Flow
Yangshan is located 20 kilometers southwest of Haikou City, the capital of Hainan Island. It is a volcanic lava area which formed after volcanic eruptions ten thousand years ago. The area is also home to one of the few dormant volcanoes in China to possess Holocene volcanic rocks. It is these distinct geographic features that determine the unique human and natural landscape of the area.
The large slates along the trail are formed from solidified molten rock (magma). In Yangshan, these stones are everywhere, woven into the twists and turns of Yangshan’s past. These solid black stones are intertwined and connected to an "ancient cultural path" that leads visitors through space and time, to have a first-hand view of vanishing history.
In Yangshan, a village was completely a lava world, where dwellings, courtyards, temples, ancestral halls, stages, roads, and many daily necessities such as bowls and basins, were all made of lava. Yangshan residents built everything with lava stones. These centuries-old volcano folk customs made Yangshan villages quaint and unique.
Agricultural Mill
The village’s stone mills were made of natural lava and are hand-carved. At every festival or special occasion, local people made bean curd and glutinous rice cake with black soya bean or sticky rice that was produced in the region.
SPECIAL FEATURES
Gant Alocasia - Elephant Eat Taro
villages in Yangshan
Stone Mill
Evidence of Lava Flow
SPECIAL FEATURES
Gant Alocasia - Elephant Eat Taro
villages in Yangshan
Stone Mill
Evidence of Lava Flow