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Haikou Eco-Heritage Trail
HABITAT & VEGETATION
Tree Preservation
People in Yangshan believe that humans are an integral part of nature, and hence have always paid great attention to environmental protection. In the past, when villagers prepared to build dwellings or any other structures, they chose sites very carefully, and made concerted efforts to preserve existing trees. Almost all the ancient villages are surrounded by large trees. Hundred-year-old banyan, lychee, and jackfruit trees are not difficult to find. They are the best embodiment of the villagers’ ancient ecological wisdom. Large lychee trees with stones around their root flares are a good example of the this ecological wisdom - the stones keep human activities away from the root area and minimize potential damage to the trees, while they are laid loosely enough to allow the uptake of air, water, and nutrients needed by the root system to survive.
Giant Alocasia – Elephant Ear Taro
Giant Alocasia (Alocasia macrorrhizos), also known as “Elephant Ear” due to its appearance, is a tropical plant species native to rainforests, from Malaysia to Queensland. Because of its big, thick, and waxy leaves (one of the adaption features of tropical plants), people have used them as umbrellas in the past.
Bamboo
Bamboo (Bambuseae) is a group of flowering perennial evergreen plants in the grass family Poaceae. There are more than 1000 different bamboo species, and bamboo is one of the fastest growing plants in the world.
As a diverse and important component of the Hainan forest, especially in the limestone areas, bamboo may form closed stands on disturbed sites, effective in holding soil. These characteristics make bamboo a perfect plant for assisting to alleviate many environmental problems such as soil erosion, water conservation, and land rehabilitation. Due to its rapid biomass accumulation and effective fixation of carbon dioxide, bamboo also contributes significantly to global carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change. As one of the oldest building materials, bamboo is, incredibly, as tough as steel and even sturdier than concrete. It is now becoming more and more popular among architects and engineers worldwide.
SPECIAL FEATURES
Gant Alocasia - Elephant Eat Taro
villages in Yangshan
Stone Mill
Evidence of Lava Flow
SPECIAL FEATURES
Gant Alocasia - Elephant Eat Taro
villages in Yangshan
Stone Mill
Evidence of Lava Flow