04
Haikou Eco-Diversity Trail
BIRD WATCHING
Bird Watching
Bird watching, or birding, is an increasingly popular hobby in many parts of the world. Birdwatchers carry a pair of binoculars, often in the company of a field guide to help them observe and identify the birds. Wetlands are cradles of biological diversity, providing the water and primary food supplies upon which many species of wildlife depend on. For example, they host a vast array of wetland bird species, including egrets, herons, ducks, geese, kingfishers, rails, shorebirds, gulls, and terns. The pond along the trail is an example of a wetland habitat. During the wet season when the pool fills with rainwater, it supports a number of wetland birds as below:

Egrets and Herons

  • Little Egret (Egretta garzetta)
  • Chinese Pond Heron (Ardeola bacchus)
  • Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)

Kingfishers

  • Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis)
  • White-breasted Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis)
  • Black-and-white Pied Kingfisher (Ceryle rudis)
Little Egret (Egretta garzetta)
White-breasted Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis)

Rails, Coots and Others

  • White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus)
  • Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)
  • Eurasian Coot (Fulica atra)
  • Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis)
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)
Birds Chipring
Acute listening is one of the best ways to identify birds especially those hidden by dense foliage or the dark of night, or birds that are far away or look identical to each other. In fact, when biologists count birds in the field, the majority of species they recorded are heard rather than seen.
  • Yellow-bellied Prinia (Prinia flaviventris)
    voice: A cat like maw
  • Common Tailorbird (Orthotomus sutorius)
    Voice: A repeated "chink chink chink"
  • Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola maurus)
    Voice: Scolding “Tsack tsack”- like two stones hitting together
  • Indian Cuckoo (Cuculus micropterus)
    Voice: Far carrying "ko-ko-ta-ko" (last note lower) repeated and becoming higher pitch "one more bottle"
  • Common Koel (Eudynamis scolopacea)
    Voice: Onomatopoeic "ko-el" repeated five to ten times, with each repeated call getting slightly higher until the bird has to stop
  • White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis)
    Voice: Loud ringing and laughing calls.
SPECIAL FEATURES
Endemic Plants of Hainan
Syzygium hainanense
Endemic Mammals of Hainan
Hainan Gibbon
Endemic Birds of Hainan
Hainan Hill Partridge
SPECIAL FEATURES
Endemic Plants of Hainan
Syzygium hainanense
Endemic Mammals of Hainan
Hainan Gibbon
Endemic Birds of Hainan
Hainan Hill Partridge